SWAT Literature Database for Peer-Reviewed Journal Articles

Title:Cannonsville Reservoir and Town Brook watersheds: Documenting conservation efforts to protect New York City's drinking water 
Authors:Bryant, R.B., T.L. Vieth, P.J.A. Kleinman, and W.J. Gburek 
Journal:Journal of Soil and Water Conservation 
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Broad Application Category:BMP review or conceptual approach 
Primary Application Category:BMP assessment 
Secondary Application Category:economic assessment 
Watershed Description:Cannonsville River watershed in the Catskills Mountains 160 km northwest of New York City 
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Abstract:The Cannonsville Reservoir watershed is a major component of the unfiltered New York City water supply system. The voluntary, incentive-based Watershed Agricultural Program is a collaborative effort among producers, federal, state, and local organizations to address the problem of phosphorus loading effects on water quality through implementation of whole-farm plans. The effectiveness of selected conservation practices, including streambank fencing, precision feeding, and the use of cover crops with silage corn (Zea mays L.) are being evaluated. Simulation models have been developed and improved to evaluate the effectiveness of individual conservation practices and better assess animal agriculture and manure management practices. Conservation practices implemented through the Watershed Agricultural Program are resulting in lower phosphorus loading from nonpoint sources in the watershed. Future efforts need to identify the most cost-effective conservation practices and extend our knowledge of watershed quality protection beyond the boundaries of the Cannonsville Reservoir watershed. 
Keywords:best management practices (BMPs); Cannonsville Reservoir; Conservation Effects Assessment Project (CEAP); water quality; watershed management