SWAT Literature Database for Peer-Reviewed Journal Articles

Title:Impacts of climate change on varied river-flow regimes of southern India 
Authors:Mudbhatkal, A., R.V. Raikar, B. Venkatesh and A Mahesha 
Journal:Journal of Hydrologic Engineering 
Article ID:05017017 
URL (non-DOI journals): 
Broad Application Category:hydrologic only 
Primary Application Category:climate change  
Secondary Application Category:hydrologic assessment 
Watershed Description:550 km^2 Malaprabha River, a tributary of the Krishna River and the 3,350 km^2 Netravathi River, both located in the Western Ghats region in western India. 
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Abstract:This paper assesses the possible impact of climate change on the hydrology of the subhumid and perhumid river regimes originating from the western mountain range (Western Ghats) of India. The modified Mann-Kendall test evaluates the trend of observed data (1975–2004) and RCP 4.5 data (2006–2070) of climatic variables. The results indicate a decreasing trend for annual rainfall over the Malaprabha River catchment (26 mm per year at the 5% significance level), whereas no trend is observed over the Netravathi River catchment at the 10% level. Indian southwestern monsoon rainfall shows a decreasing trend from 84 to 80% of total rainfall in the Malaprabha River catchment and from 80 to 77% in the Netravathi River catchment. Summer rains are found to be increasing in the Malaprabha River catchment (3–4.5% of total rainfall), whereas there is no significant trend for the Netravathi River catchment. Furthermore, the postmonsoon rainfall also shows a significant increase in the Malaprabha catchment (40 mm per decade at the 5% significance level) and the Netravathi catchment (30 mm per decade at the 10% significance level). The Netravathi River shows a decreasing trend for annual flow (0.22 Mm3 per year at the 10% significance level). However, for both catchments the temperature is found to be increasing by 0.2–0.8°C per decade. The soil and water assessment tool (SWAT) model is used to simulate the river catchments and exhibits a Nash–Sutcliffe efficiency of 0.831 and 0.857 for the Malaprabha and Netravathi River catchments, respectively. In addition, a decreasing trend in the high flow is estimated for Netravathi, whereas the trend is increasing for Malaprabha. Thus the impacts of climate change over the Western Ghats are very evident, but the flow of each river responds differently. 
Keywords:Climate change; Malaprabha River; Mann–Kendall; Netravathi River; Representative concentration pathways (RCP); Sen’s slope; Soil and water assessment tool (SWAT); Trend analysis.