SWAT Literature Database for Peer-Reviewed Journal Articles

Title:Water resource variability and climate change 
Authors:Li, Y. and M.A. Urban 
Article ID:348 
URL (non-DOI journals): 
Model:SWAT & SWIM 
Broad Application Category:overview of special journal issue/section/etc. 
Primary Application Category:review/history 
Secondary Application Category:climate change  
Watershed Description:Systems in the Loess Plateau region of China, and in Thailand and Germany. 
Calibration Summary: 
Validation Summary: 
General Comments:This is the lead-off article for a Water special issue that can be accessed at http://www.mdpi.com/journal/water/special_issues/water-resource-variability. Three of the articles included in the special issue feature SWAT or SWIM studies that are part of the SWAT Literature Database: (1) Li, T. and Y. Gao. 2015. Runoff and sediment yield variations in response to precipitation changes: A case study of Xichuan watershed in the loess plateau, China. Water. 7: 5638-5656. Doi: 10.3390/w7105638.; (2) Ligaray, M., H. Kim, S. Sthiannopkao, S. Lee, K.H. Cho and J.H. Kim. 2015. Assessment on hydrologic response by climate change in the Chao Phraya River Basin, Thailand. Water. 7(12): 6892-6909. Doi: 10.3390/w7126665.; (3) Hesse, C. and V. Krysanova. 2016. Modeling climate and management change impacts on water quality and in-stream processes in the Elbe river basin. Water. 8(2): 40. Doi: 10.3390/w8020040. 
Abstract:A significant challenge posed by changing climates is how water cycling and surficial and subsurface water availability will be affected at global and regional scales. Such alterations are critical as they often lead to increased vulnerability in ecosystems and human society. Understanding specifically how climate change affects water resource variability in different locations is of critical importance to sustainable development in different parts of the world. The papers included in this special issue focus on three broad perspectives associated with water resource variability and climate change. Six papers employ remote sensing, meteorological station-based observational data, and tree-ring records to empirically determine how water resources have been changing over historical time periods. Eight of the contributions focus on modeling approaches to determine how known processes are likely to manifest themselves as climate shifts over time. Two others focus on human perceptions and adaptation strategies in the midst of unstable or unsettled water availability. The findings and methods presented in this collection of papers provide important contributions to the increased study and awareness of climate change on water resources. 
Keywords:water resource variability; climate change; hydrological model; perception and adaptation of climate change