SWAT Literature Database for Peer-Reviewed Journal Articles

Title:Use of SWAT to compute groundwater table depth and streamflow in the Muscatatuck River watershed 
Authors:Vazquez-Amabile, G.G. and B. A. Engel 
Year:2005 
Journal:Transactions of the ASAE 
Volume:48(3) 
Pages:991-1003 
Article ID: 
DOI:10.13031/2013.18511 
URL (non-DOI journals):https://engineering.purdue.edu/ABE/People/Papers/bernard.a.engel.1/swat.pdf 
Model:SWAT 
Broad Application Category:hydrologic only 
Primary Application Category:hydrologic assessment 
Secondary Application Category:none 
Watershed Description:295,221 ha Muscatatuck River (southeast Indiana) 
Calibration Summary:1980-94 E values for 3 subbasins: Harberts: daily/ monthly = .19/.59 Deputy: daily/ monthly = -.23/.73 Vernon: daily/ monthly = .28/.80 ----------------------------- 1992-94 groundwater E values for 3 subbasins: Harberts: daily/ monthly = .28/.61 Deputy: daily/ monthly = -.12/.36 Vernon: daily/ monthly = .15/.40 
Validation Summary:1995-2002 E values for 3 subbasins: Harberts: daily/ monthly = .05/.49 Deputy: daily/ monthly = -.35/.61 Vernon: daily/ monthly = .48/.81 ----------------------------- 1995-96 groundwater E values for 3 subbasins: Harberts: daily/ monthly = -.15/.10 Deputy: daily/ monthly = -.74/-.51 Vernon: daily/ monthly = .33/.38 
General Comments:A code modidication was performed to SWAT that provided the reporting of soil moisture for each soil layer (rather than the normal reporting of aggregate soil moisture for the whole soil profile), which were then converted into groundwater table levels based on DRAINMOD theory (without further modifying SWAT code). It was concluded that predictions of groundwater table levels based on daily soil water content might be useful to include in SWAT. Graphical comparisons of simulated versus measured streamflows also reported, as well as graphical and statistical resultes of measured versus simulated groundwater levels. 
Abstract:Groundwater table depth oscillation over time is an important issue for planning drainage systems in rural watersheds. Its proximity to the soil surface impacts soil properties, crop development, and agricultural chemical transport. Even though hydrologic models are valuable tools for simulating and predicting changes in water dynamics, groundwater table depth is usually difficult to predict. The Soil Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) is a continuous and distributed hydrologic model created to simulate the effect of land management practices on water, chemicals, and sediment movement for large watersheds. However, groundwater table depth is not computed by the model. A procedure to compute perched groundwater table depth using SWAT outputs is proposed, based on the theory used by DRAINMOD, in order to expand SWAT’s capabilities. SWAT was calibrated and validated for streamflow for three watersheds, and for groundwater table depth for three soils, at sites located within the Muscatatuck River basin in southeast Indiana. The Nash-Sutcliffe model efficiency (R2 N) for monthly streamflow was 0.49, 0.61, and 0.81 for the three watersheds for the validation period (1995-2002). SWAT-predicted groundwater table depths provided R2 N values of 0.61, 0.36, and 0.40 for the three soils in the calibration period (1992-1994) and 0.10, -0.51, and 0.38 for the validation period (1995-1996). Even though the model performance for predicting groundwater table depth was not as good as for streamflow, SWAT predictions resembled the seasonal variation of the groundwater table with correlation coefficients (r) of 0.68, 0.67, and 0.45 for the three wells during the validation period. 
Language:English 
Keywords:DRAINMOD, Groundwater table depth, Streamflow, SWAT