SWAT Literature Database for Peer-Reviewed Journal Articles

Title:Simulation of the streamflow for the Rio Nuevo Watershed of Jamaica for use in agriculture water scarcity planning 
Authors:Goyal, M.K., C.A. Madramootoo and J.F. Richards 
Journal:Journal of Irrigation and Drainage Engineering 
Article ID: 
URL (non-DOI journals): 
Broad Application Category:hydrologic only 
Primary Application Category:hydrologic assessment 
Secondary Application Category:calibration, sensitivity, and/or uncertainty analysis 
Watershed Description:110 km^2 Rio Nuevo, located in the Blue Mountain North drainage region, in northern Jamaica 
Calibration Summary: 
Validation Summary: 
General Comments: 
Abstract:Jamaica’s water resources are under increasing risk of degradation and depletion, especially in light of increasing population growth, urbanization, and climate change. In this study, the soil and water assessment tool (SWAT) was used to simulate the hydrologic characteristics of the Rio Nuevo watershed in Jamaica to assess streamflow availability for irrigation supply during dry periods. Approximately 85% of the watershed consists of aquiclude rock material, thus resulting in low potential for interaction between surface and groundwater. Historical climatic data (precipitation and temperature) were obtained for the watershed, and streamflow data were obtained for the Rio Nuevo, which drains the watershed. The model was calibrated over the period 2002–2004, and validated using the period 2005–2007. This paper outlines the parameterization of SWAT for the Rio Nuevo watershed and describes the potential for its use in agricultural water scarcity management in Jamaica. A Nash-Sutcliffe efficiency (NSE) coefficient of 0.76 was obtained for calibration, whereas a coefficient of 0.50 was obtained for validation. Results indicate that in drought periods, the stream cannot supply the necessary water needed for the agricultural areas. 
Keywords:Water scarcity; Irrigation planning; Streamflow; Soil and water assessment tool (SWAT); Watershed hydrology