SWAT Literature Database for Peer-Reviewed Journal Articles

Title:Comparison of Green-Ampt and curve number methods on Goodwin creek watershed using SWAT 
Authors:King, K.W., J.G. Arnold, and R.L. Bingner 
Year:1999 
Journal:Transactions of the ASAE 
Volume:42(4) 
Pages:919-926 
Article ID: 
DOI:10.13031/2013.13272 
URL (non-DOI journals):http://afrsweb.usda.gov/sp2userfiles/person/3013/king8.pdf 
Model:SWAT 
Broad Application Category:hydrologic only 
Primary Application Category:Green-Ampt application 
Secondary Application Category:hydrologic assessment 
Watershed Description:21.3 km^2 Goodwin Creek, located in north central Mississippi, U.S. 
Calibration Summary: 
Validation Summary:non-calibrated E: CN - 0.84; Green-Ampt - 0.69 
General Comments:Describes runoff prediction results using both the curve number and Green-Ampt approaches in SWAT. The curve number approach resulted in better predictions than the Green-Ampt. 
Abstract:Two methods of simulating excess rainfall were compared on a large basin with multiple rain gages. The SCS daily curve number method (CN) was compared with the Green-Ampt Mein-Larson (GAML) method on the Goodwin Creek Watershed (GCW). GCW is 21.3 km^2 in area and has 32 rain gages located within and surrounding the watershed. The model used was the Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT). SWAT is a comprehensive watershed scale model developed to simulate management impacts on water, sediment, and chemical yields for ungaged basins. SWAT was modified to accept breakpoint rainfall data and route streamflow on a sub-daily time-step. Eight years of measured climatic data were used in the study. Simulated and measured streamflow at the watershed outlet were evaluated. Results were not calibrated. Monthly model efficiencies were 0.84 for CN and 0.69 for GAML. The use of a sub-daily routing technique allowed for very good correlation between measured and simulated hydrographs. Generally, CN undersimulated surface runoff while GAML had no pattern associated with events. Results suggest that no significant advantage was gained by using breakpoint rainfall and sub-daily time-steps when simulating the large basin used in this study. 
Language:English 
Keywords:Rainfall, Runoff, Watershed, Infiltration, Modeling