SWAT Literature Database for Peer-Reviewed Journal Articles

Title:Development of strategy for SWAT hydrologic modeling in data-scarce regions of Peru 
Authors:Daneshvar, F., J.R. Frankenberger, L.C. Bowling, K.A. Cherkauer and A.G. de Lima Moraes 
Journal:Journal of Hydrologic Engineering 
Volume (Issue):26(7) 
Article ID:05021016 
URL (non-DOI journals): 
Broad Application Category:hydrologic only 
Primary Application Category:hydrologic assessment 
Secondary Application Category:calibration, sensitivity, and/or uncertainty analysis 
Watershed Description:1,026 km^2 Chili River, which drains to the El Frayle Reservoirin the Arequipa Department in southwest Peru. 
Calibration Summary: 
Validation Summary: 
General Comments: 
Abstract:In this study, methods were developed to create and evaluate the performance of the Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) in southern Peru where commonly used input data sources were not available. Soil classes were defined based on regional soil taxonomy and suitability maps combined with soil profiles. Local land cover and remotely sensed satellite data were used to develop a land cover database. Water balance analysis of the reservoir as well as satellite evapotranspiration data were used for model performance assessment. Results showed that these strategies provided reliable predictions of hydrology in this region, with the uncertainty quantified based on the range of inputs. Overall, this semiarid watershed was base flow driven and average annual surface runoff contribution to streamflow was less than 9%. Assessment of water pathways and their uncertainties based on the uncertainty of estimated inputs also showed that 62% of precipitation was removed by evapotranspiration with up to 16% uncertainty. The methods introduced in this study can be applied to other data-scarce watersheds, and findings provide insights on the hydrology of the Peruvian Andes region. 
Keywords:Soil and water assessment tool (SWAT); Hydrology; Uncertainty; Arequipa; Andes