SWAT Literature Database for Peer-Reviewed Journal Articles

Title:An integrated GIS-Hydro modeling methodology for surface runoff exploitation via small-scale reservoirs 
Authors:Kalogeropoulos, K., N. Stathopoulos, A. Psarogiannis, E. Pissias, P. Louka, G.P. Petropoulos and C. Chalkias 
Volume (Issue):12(11) 
Article ID:3182 
URL (non-DOI journals): 
Broad Application Category:hydrologic only 
Primary Application Category:reservoirs, ponds, lakes and/or other impoundment effects  
Secondary Application Category:hydrologic assessment 
Watershed Description:12.9 km^2 Afrouses River, located on the Island of Cyclades (part of the Cyclades Islands cluster) in southeast Greece. 
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Abstract:Efficient and sustainable exploitation of water resources requires the adoption of innovative and contemporary management techniques, a need that becomes even more demanding due to climate change and increasing pressures coming from anthropogenic activities. An important outcome of this reality is the qualitative and quantitative degradation of groundwater, which clearly indicates the need to exploit surface runoff. This study presents an integrated Geographic Information System (GIS)-based methodological framework for revealing and selecting suitable locations to build small-scale reservoirs and exploit surface runoff. In this framework, the SWAT model was used to quantify surface runoff, followed by the simulation of reservoir scenarios through reservoir simulation software. Andros Island (located in Cyclades Prefecture), Greece was selected as the study area. The obtained results indicated the most suitable location for creating a reservoir for maximizing exploitation of surface runoff, based on the specific water demands of the nearby areas and the existing meteorological, hydrological, and geological background potential. Thus, two selected dam locations are analyzed by using the proposed framework. The findings showed that the first dam site is inappropriate for creating a reservoir, as it cannot meet the demand for large water extraction volumes. In addition, the outcomes confirmed the effciency of the proposed methodology in optimum selection of locations to construct small-scale water exploitation works. This research presents a contemporary methodological framework that highlights the capability of GIS, SWAT modeling, and reservoir simulation coupling in detecting optimal locations for constructing small reservoirs. 
Keywords:reservoirs; Water Resources Management; local development; modeling; SWAT; GIS