SWAT Literature Database for Peer-Reviewed Journal Articles

Title:Farm-scale biofuel crop adoption and its effects on in-basin water balance 
Authors:Noreika, N., T. Li, D. Zumar, J. Krasa, T. Dostal and R. Srinivasan 
Volume (Issue):12(24) 
Article ID:10596 
URL (non-DOI journals): 
Broad Application Category:hydrologic only 
Primary Application Category:bioenergy crop, tree and/or vegetation assessment 
Secondary Application Category:hydrologic assessment 
Watershed Description:0.52 km^2 Nucice Experimental, located about 30 km from the City of Prague in the Czech Republic. 
Calibration Summary: 
Validation Summary: 
General Comments: 
Abstract:In the face of future climate change, Europe has encouraged the adoption of biofuel crops by its farmers. Such land-use changes can have significant impacts on the water balance and hydrological behavior of a system. While the heavy pesticide use associated with biofuel crops has been extensively studied, the water balance impacts of these crops have been far less studied. We conducted scenario analyses using the Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) to determine the effects of farm-scale biofuel crop adoption (rapeseed) on a basin’s water balance. We found that rapeseed adoption does not support the goal of developing a sustainable agricultural landscape in the Czech Republic. The adoption of rapeseed also had disproportionate effects on a basin’s water balance depending on its location in the basin. Additionally, discharge (especially surface runoff ratios), evapotranspiration, and available soil water content display significant shifts in the rapeseed adoption scenarios. 
Keywords:sustainable agriculture; water balance; biofuel crop; SWAT model