SWAT Literature Database for Peer-Reviewed Journal Articles

Title:Model of nutrient and pesticide outflow with surface water to Puck Bay (Southern Baltic Sea) 
Authors:Kalinowska, D., P. Wielgat, T. Kolerski and P. Zima 
Volume (Issue):12(3) 
Article ID:809 
URL (non-DOI journals): 
Broad Application Category:hydrologic and pollutant 
Primary Application Category:nutrient cycling/loss and transport 
Secondary Application Category:pesticide, antibiotic and/or PFAS fate and transport 
Watershed Description:Puck Bay drainage area, connected to the Baltic Sea and the Gulf of Gdansk in northern Poland. 
Calibration Summary: 
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Abstract:Coastal basins are particularly exposed to the adverse impact of anthropogenic stress. In many places, despite only the seasonal increase in the number of residents, progressive urbanization and associated changes in the catchment characteristics are noticeable. Puck Bay is part of the Gulf of Gdansk and belongs to the Baltic Sea. Although the area of Puck Bay is covered by the Natura 2000 Network, this has not saved it from eutrophication problems. As part of the work on a complex coastal basin analysis (WaterPUCK project), the Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) model was used to determine the agricultural impact on water quality in rivers with a flow into Puck Bay: Reda, Gizdepka, Płutnica, and Bładzikowski Stream. The results include the loads of nutrients and pesticides that flow out from the agricultural areas of Puck community into Puck Bay. In this article, special attention has been paid to the impact of precipitation on the quality of water at the outflow of rivers into the Bay of Puck, because it is a decisive element in the amount of nutrients leached along with surface runoff to watercourses and then into the Gulf. The distribution of precipitation thus affects the amount of nutrients absorbed by plants. Modeling the effects of agricultural practices, taking into account long-term meteorological forecasts, is helpful in attempts to reduce the amount of pollutants entering the Baltic Sea. 
Keywords:SWAT model; Puck Bay; nutrients; surface runoff; WaterPUCK