SWAT Literature Database for Peer-Reviewed Journal Articles

Title:Application of RS/GIS in conservation studies for surface and groundwater harvesting in cold arid regions of northwestern Himalayas 
Authors:Khan, J.N., S. R. Ali, A. Jillani and I. Ashraf 
Journal:Applied Engineering in Agriculture 
Volume (Issue):36(1) 
Article ID: 
URL (non-DOI journals): 
Broad Application Category:hydrologic only 
Primary Application Category:rainwater/water harvesting or utilization 
Secondary Application Category:groundwater and/or soil water impacts 
Watershed Description:179.29 km^2 drainage area, located in the State of Jammu and Kashmir in far northern India. 
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Abstract:The availability of erratic rainfall and high evapotranspiration causes temporal and spatial variability of water thereby causing crop yield reduction and crop failure. The potential of water harvesting (WH) both groundwater as well as surface water to mitigate the spatial and temporal variability of precipitation. One technique for water harvesting (WH) is to collect excess runoff water both rain and snowmelt, store it for agricultural purposes during dry spells. The present work accentuated the expediency of remote sensing (RS) and geographic information system (GIS) applications in water harvesting studies. The resultant water harvesting potential map prepared was thus classified into three WH potential zones namely, high, medium, and low covering an area of 32.82, 10320.10, and 7596.18 ha (<1%, 57.49%, and 42.32%) respectively. The groundwater map in the area was also classified as high potential areas covering 1421.69 ha (7.92%), medium potential areas covering 8762.69 ha (48.81%), and low potential areas covering 7764.72 ha (43.25%). The integrated remote sensing (RS), Geographical Information System (GIS), Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT), and analytical hierarchy process (AHP) were found to be efficient methods to recover water and to select suitable water and groundwater harvesting sites in order to ensure better water accessibility to the people for domestic, irrigation and other activities in cold arid regions of northwestern Himalayas. 
Keywords:Analytical hierarchy process, Geographic Information System, Groundwater harvesting, Remote sensing, Spatial variability, Temporal variability, Water harvesting