SWAT Literature Database for Peer-Reviewed Journal Articles

Title:Purpose, development, and synthesis of the Soil Vulnerability Index for inherent vulnerability classification of cropland soils 
Authors:Thompson, A.L., C. Baffaut, S. Lohani, L.F. Duriancik, M.L. Norfleet and K. Ingram 
Year:2020 
Journal:Journal of Soil and Water Conservation 
Volume (Issue):75(1) 
Pages:1-11 
Article ID: 
DOI:10.2489/jswc.75.1.1 
URL (non-DOI journals): 
Model:SWAT 
Broad Application Category:pollutant only 
Primary Application Category:model comparison 
Secondary Application Category:Conservation Effects Assessment Project (CEAP) based study 
Watershed Description:Goodwater Creek, a tributary of the Mark Twain River (see Table 3) located in northeast Missouri, U.S. 
Calibration Summary: 
Validation Summary: 
General Comments:SWAT nutrient and sediment results from a previous study were compared with SVI results in this study for the study watershed, which was one of several watersheds (Table 3) that were included in the study. The SWAT results are not discussed in detail and served in a minor role for the study. 
Abstract:The Soil Vulnerability Index (SVI) was developed by the USDA Natural Resources Conservation Service (NRCS) to classify inherent vulnerability of cropland soils based on field sediment and nutrient transport resulting from surface runoff and leaching. The primary purpose of the SVI is to aid conservation planners in more rapidly assessing managed lands and inherent resource concerns. The index is based on hydrologic soil group, slope, and soil erodibility for cultivated cropland soils, with the addition of percentage rock fragments and organic matter when considering leaching. Although the SVI is intended for use throughout the United States, its development was based on the physiographic and rainfall characteristics of the Upper Mississippi and Ohio-Tennessee River basins. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the SVI in areas both in and outside of the area for which it was developed. Thirteen different watersheds were selected to conduct this evaluation. Vulnerability classifications using the SVI were compared with those from on-site experts' knowledge and with model simulations using local data. Four companion papers in this special collection discuss SVI classification based on the effects of land slope, artificial drainage, sediment and nutrient loads, and vulnerability assessment using hydrologic simulation models. Using results from the various sites, the objective of this paper was to synthesize the interpretation of the value and applicability of SVI vulnerability classification to sediment and nutrient loss across various physiographic regions and suggest where improvement in the SVI could be made. 
Language:English 
Keywords:erosion; leaching; sediment; Soil Vulnerability Index; targeting; threshold