SWAT Literature Database for Peer-Reviewed Journal Articles

Title:Land use and climate change effects on surface runoff variations in the Upper Heihe River Basin 
Authors:Shang, X., X. Jiang, R. Jia and C. Wei 
Volume (Issue):11(2) 
Article ID: 
URL (non-DOI journals): 
Broad Application Category:hydrologic only 
Primary Application Category:climate change and land use change 
Secondary Application Category:hydrologic assessment 
Watershed Description:10,000 km^2 Upper Heihe River, locate on the northern edge of the Tibetan Plateau in northwest China. 
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Validation Summary: 
General Comments: 
Abstract:The runoff in the upper reaches of the Heihe River has been continuously abundant for more than a decade, and this has not happened previously in history. Quantitative analysis of runoff variation and its influencing factors are of great significance for the ecological protection of the basin. In this paper, the soil and water assessment tool model was used to simulate runoff in the study area, and the method of scenario simulation was used to quantitatively analyze the runoff response with respect to land use and climate change. According to the abruptness of the runoff sequence, the years before 2004 are categorized as belonging to the reference period, and after 2004 is categorized as the interference period. According to the analysis, compared with the reference period, the contribution rate of climate change is 87.15%, while the contribution rate of land use change is only 12.85%. The climate change scenario simulation analysis shows that the change in runoff is positively correlated with the change in precipitation. The relationship with the change in temperature is more complicated, but the influence of precipitation change is stronger than the change in temperature. According to the land use scenario simulation analysis, under the economic development scenario, the runoff decreased, whereas under the historical trend and ecological protection scenario, the runoff increased. Additionally, the runoff increased more under the ecological protection scenario. 
Keywords:hydrological simulation; quantitative analysis; SWAT model; land use/cover change; climate change; scenario simulation