SWAT Literature Database for Peer-Reviewed Journal Articles

Title:Improving hydrologic model to predict the effect of snowpack and soil temperature on carbon dioxide emission in the cold region peatlands 
Authors:Melaku, N.D., J. Wang and T.W. Meshesha 
Volume (Issue):587 
Article ID:124939 
URL (non-DOI journals): 
Model:SWAT (modified) 
Broad Application Category:hydrologic & pollutant 
Primary Application Category:GHG emissions 
Secondary Application Category:wetland effects and/or processes 
Watershed Description:West Peatlands Flux Station, located in the Athabasca River drainage area in central Alberta, Canada. 
Calibration Summary: 
Validation Summary: 
General Comments: 
Abstract:Peatlands cover only about 3% of the Earth’s surface and store 15–30% of the Global soil carbon as a peat. However, human intervention and climate change threatens the stability of peatlands, owing to deforest, wildfire, mining, drainage, glacial retreat, and permafrost. In our study, we modified the SWAT model to couple snow, soil temperature and carbon dioxide emission. Then the modified SWAT was used for predicting snow depth, soil temperature at different depths and carbon dioxide emission from peatlands and other land uses at Athabasca river basin, Canada. The results of the study indicated that SWAT model estimated the daily snow depth with R2, NSE, RMSE and PBIAS values of 0.83, 0.76, 0.52 and −2.3 in the calibration period (2006–2007) and 0.79, 0.71, 0.97 and −3.6 for the validation period (2008–2009), respectively. The SWAT model also predicted soil temperature very well at three depths (5 cm, 10 cm and 30 cm). The simulation model results also confirmed that the modified SWAT model estimates the CO2 emission at Athabasca river basin with good model fit during calibration (R2 = 0.71, NSE = 0.67, RMSE = 2.6 and PBIAS = 3.2) and during validation (R2 = 0.63, NSE = 0.58, RMSE = 3.1 and PBIAS = 9.3). Overall, our result confirmed that SWAT model performed well in representing the dynamics of snow depth, soil temperature and CO2 emissions in the peatlands at the Athabasca river basin. 
Keywords:SWAT subroutine; Carbon dioxide; Snow depth; Soil temperature; Peatland