SWAT Literature Database for Peer-Reviewed Journal Articles

Title:Evaluation of the impacts of climate change on sediment yield from the Logiya Watershed, Lower Awash Basin, Ethiopia 
Authors:Jilo, N.B., B. Gebremariam, A.E. Harka, G.W. Woldemariam and F. Behulu 
Volume (Issue):6(3) 
Article ID:81 
URL (non-DOI journals): 
Broad Application Category:hydrologic & pollutant 
Primary Application Category:sediment loss and transport 
Secondary Application Category:climate change 
Watershed Description:3,151.86 km^2 Logiya River, a tributary of the Awash River located in northwest Ethiopia. 
Calibration Summary: 
Validation Summary: 
General Comments: 
Abstract:It is anticipated that climate change will impact sediment yield in watersheds. The purpose of this study was to investigate the impacts of climate change on sediment yield from the Logiya watershed in the lower Awash Basin, Ethiopia. Here, we used the coordinated regional climate downscaling experiment (CORDEX)-Africa data outputs of Hadley Global Environment Model 2-Earth System (HadGEM2-ES) under representative concentration pathway (RCP) scenarios (RCP4.5 and RCP8.5). Future scenarios of climate change were analyzed in two-time frames: 2020–2049 (2030s) and 2050–2079 (2060s). Both time frames were analyzed using both RCP scenarios from the baseline period (1971–2000). A Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) model was constructed to simulate the hydrological and the sedimentological responses to climate change. The model performance was calibrated and validated using the coeffcient of determination (R2), Nash–Sutcliffe effiency (NSE), and percent bias (PBIAS). The results of the calibration and the validation of the sediment yield R2, NSE, and PBIAS were 0.83, 0.79, and -23.4 and 0.85, 0.76, and -25.0, respectively. The results of downscaled precipitation, temperature, and estimated evapotranspiration increased in both emission scenarios. These climate variable increments were expected to result in intensifications in the mean annual sediment yield of 4.42% and 8.08% for RCP4.5 and 7.19% and 10.79% for RCP8.5 by the 2030s and the 2060s, respectively. 
Keywords:Logiya watershed; climate change; CORDEX-Africa; SWAT; RCP; sediment yield