SWAT Literature Database for Peer-Reviewed Journal Articles

Title:Evaluation of the effect of channel geometry on streamflow and water quality modeling and modification of channel geometry module in SWAT: A case study of the Andong Dam Watershed 
Authors:Han, J., D. Lee, S. Lee, S.-W. Chung, S.J. Kim, M. Park, K.J. Lim and J. Kim 
Volume (Issue):11(4) 
Article ID:718 
URL (non-DOI journals): 
Broad Application Category:hydrologic and pollutant 
Primary Application Category:in-stream and/or channel processes 
Secondary Application Category:pollutant cycling/loss and transport 
Watershed Description:1,584 km^2 Andong Dam drainage area, a tributary of the Nakdong River located in northeast South Korea. 
Calibration Summary: 
Validation Summary: 
General Comments: 
Abstract:The impact of the channel geometry on water quantity and quality simulation of the Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) was evaluated for the Andong Dam watershed. The new equations to determine the bankfull width of the channels and the bottom width of the floodplains were developed using aerial photographs, and its performance was compared with the current equations of SWAT. The new equations were more exact than the current equations since the current equations tended to overestimate the widths of the channel and floodplain. When compared with the observed data, the streamflow of the scenario 2 (S2, applying the new equations) showed lower deviation and higher accuracy than scenario 1 (S1, applying the current equations) because the peak flow of S2 captured the observed data better due to the impact of the change geometry. Moreover, the water quality results of S2 outperformed S1 regarding suspended solid, total nitrogen, and dissolved oxygen. This is attributed to the variables, such as flow travel time, which is directly related to the channel geometry. Additionally, SWAT was modified to consider the various channel cross-sectional shapes. The results of this study suggest that the channel geometry information for the water quantity and quality estimation should be carefully applied, which could improve the model performance regarding streamflow and water quality simulations. 
Keywords:channel geometry, SWAT, hydrological modeling, regression equation, water quality modeling, Andong Dam Watershed, aerial photographs