SWAT Literature Database for Peer-Reviewed Journal Articles

Title:Estimation of sediment production in oil palm expansion areas in the Amazon 
Authors:Silva, A.K.L., A.M.L. de Sousa, J.T.S. dos Santos, J.M. Villela, L.G. Martorano and S. Crestana 
Journal:Revista Brasileira de Engenharia Agricola e Ambiental 
Volume (Issue):22(5) 
Article ID: 
URL (non-DOI journals): 
Broad Application Category:hydrologic and pollutant 
Primary Application Category:land use change 
Secondary Application Category:sediment loss and transport 
Watershed Description:159.94 km^2 Mariquita River, a tributary of the Acora-Mirim River located in the northwest part of the State of Para in north central Brazil. 
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Abstract:Currently, an activity that has become strategic at a national level is the cultivation of oil palm (Elaeis guineensis) in the northeast region of the ParĂ¡ State, in eastern Brazilian Amazon. However, the impacts of this crop expansion on the hydro-sedimentological cycle are still unknown. Therefore, this study estimated the impacts of oil palm crop expansion on sediment production in a sub-basin under consolidated use of this crop. The Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) model was applied in the Mariquita sub-basin, calibrated by the flow regionalization technique, using data measured in the field with a current meter. Simulation results indicated an increase in sediment production between the years 2008 and 2013, which can be attributed to the large reduction of areas of secondary vegetation that were replaced by pasture, oil palm and general agriculture. Oil palm areas had a lower average monthly sediment yield in the rainiest period in all simulated years, compared with areas of general agriculture and pasture. 
Keywords:SWAT; ungauged river basin; secondary forest; northeastern ParĂ¡