SWAT Literature Database for Peer-Reviewed Journal Articles

Title:A comprehensive review of low impact development models for research, conceptual, preliminary and detailed design applications 
Authors:Kaykhosravi, S., U.T. Khan and A. Jadidi 
Volume (Issue):10(11) 
Article ID:1541 
URL (non-DOI journals): 
Broad Application Category:review/history 
Primary Application Category:urban stormwater and/or BMP assessment 
Secondary Application Category:model and/or data comparison 
Watershed Description:None 
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Abstract:This review compares and evaluates eleven Low Impact Development (LID) models on the basis of: (i) general model features including the model application, the temporal resolution, the spatial data visualization, the method of placing LID within catchments; (ii) hydrological modelling aspects including: the type of inbuilt LIDs, water balance model, runoff generation and infiltration; and (iii) hydraulic modelling methods with a focus on the flow routing method. Results show that despite the recent updates of existing LID models, several important features are still missing and need improvement. These features include the ability to model: multi-layer subsurface media, tree canopy and processes associated with vegetation, different spatial scales, snowmelt and runoff calculations. This review provides in-depth insight into existing LID models from a hydrological and hydraulic point of view, which will facilitate in selecting the best-suited model. Recommendations on further studies and LID model development are also presented. 
Keywords:low impact development; sustainable urban drainage systems; stormwater modelling; numerical modelling; water resources; stormwater collection networks; green infrastructure