SWAT Literature Database for Peer-Reviewed Journal Articles

Title:The river absorption capacity determination as a tool to evaluate state of surface water 
Authors:Wilk, P., P. Orlińska-Woźniak and J. Gębala 
Journal:Hydrology and Earth System Sciences 
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Broad Application Category:hydrologic & pollutant 
Primary Application Category:nutrient cycling/loss and transport 
Secondary Application Category:hydrologic assessment 
Watershed Description:6,039 km^2 Warta River, which drains much of western Poland. 
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Abstract:In order to complete a thorough and systematic assessment of water quality, it is useful to measure the absorption capacity of a river. Absorption capacity is understood as a pollution load introduced into river water that will not cause permanent and irreversible changes in the aquatic ecosystem and will not cause a change in the classification of water quality in the river profile. In order to implement the method, the Macromodel DNS/SWAT basin for the Middle Warta pilot (central Poland) was used to simulate nutrient loads. This enabled detailed analysis of water quality in each water body and the assessment of the size of the absorption capacity parameter, which allows the determination of how much pollution can be added to the river without compromising its quality class. Positive values of the calculated absorption capacity parameter mean that it is assumed that the ecosystem is adjusted in such a way that it can eliminate pollution loads through a number of self-purification processes. Negative values indicate that the load limit has been exceeded, and too much pollution has been introduced into the ecosystem for it to be able to deal with through the processes of self-purification. Absorption capacity thus enables the connection of environmental standards of water quality and water quality management plans in order to meet these standards.