SWAT Literature Database for Peer-Reviewed Journal Articles

Title:Optimum multicrop-pattern planning by coupling SWAT and the Harmony Search algorithm 
Authors:Rafiee, V. and M. Shourian 
Journal:Journal of Irrigation and Drainage Engineering 
Article ID:04016063 
URL (non-DOI journals): 
Broad Application Category:hydrologic only 
Primary Application Category:crop growth/yield and/or parameters 
Secondary Application Category:irrigation impacts or irrigation BMP scenarios 
Watershed Description:210 km^2 Azadegan Plain, located in the Karkheh River basin in Khuzestan province in southwest Iran. 
Calibration Summary: 
Validation Summary: 
General Comments: 
Abstract:Crop planning and water resources allocation to meet agricultural demand in arid and semiarid regions such as Iran are a serious challenge. One of the procedures to meet this challenge is to devise approaches for determining the optimal crop patterns based on the limited water resources. In this study, a simulation-optimization approach was applied in which a soil and water assessment tool (SWAT) has been applied for simulating the complex climate–soil–plant relationships. The harmony search (HS) algorithm has been coupled with SWAT to find the optimal irrigation plan and crop pattern in two scenarios in the Azadegan plain in the Karkheh basin in southeastern Iran. In the first scenario, the crop pattern was the variable of the model while in the second one, it was predefined as the existing situation in the plain. The objective function of the coupled model was to maximize the net profit subject to the total available land and water constraints. Results obtained by the developed model show that the net profit gained in the plain has a potential of increasing up to 213% in the first and 25% in the second scenario while the water consumption decreased by 28 and 48%, respectively, compared to the present situation of the plain. Accordingly, the performance of the HS-SWAT model indicates its capability for solving optimum crop-pattern and irrigation-planning problems. 
Keywords:Crop pattern; Irrigation plan; Agricultural products; Simulation-optimization; Soil and water assessment tool (SWAT); Harmony search algorithm.