SWAT Literature Database for Peer-Reviewed Journal Articles

Title:Calibration and validation of soil and water assessment tool on an agricultural watershed in upstate New York 
Authors:Benaman, J., C.A. Shoemaker and D.A. Haith 
Journal:Journal of Hydrologic Engineering 
Volume (Issue):10(5) 
Article ID: 
URL (non-DOI journals): 
Broad Application Category:hydrologic and pollutant 
Primary Application Category:pollutant cycling/loss and transport 
Secondary Application Category:hydrologic assessment 
Watershed Description:1,178 km^2 Cannonsville, located in Delaware County in southeast New York, U.S. 
Calibration Summary:Monthly (1994-1999 at W. Branch & 1997-1999 elsewhere; % = percentage of total drainage area): W. Branch (78%) r2/E = .80/.74 Town Brook (3%) r2/E = .72/.63 L. Del. river (11%) r2/E = .78/.78 T. Creek (5%) r2/E = .75/.72 
Validation Summary:Monthly (1990-1993; % - percentage of total drainage area): W. Branch (78%) r2/E = .80/.76 W. Branch (30%) r2/E = .73/.62 
General Comments:SWAT2000 was calibrated with an extensive amount of flow & sediment data. Calibrated sediment results at the W. Branch station (78% of drainage area) were within 1% of measured loads (after removing one large storm & one snowmelt event). Calibration process reflected northeastern U.S. snowmelt & fragipan conditions. Problems encountered with SWAT snowmelt runoff and erosion predictions are discussed; other limitations and advantages of SWAT are also discussed. 
Abstract:Hydrologic (i.e., flow volumes) and sediment loading calibration and validation were completed for a New York City water supply watershed, the Cannonsville Reservoir basin, located in upstate New York. An unusually large amount of data exist for this watershed, with more than 20,000 data points consisting of climate, flow, and sediment measurements for calibration and validation. Hydrology results using the Soil and Water Assessment Tool (SWAT) displayed a Nash–Sutcliffe measure (NS) of 0.74 at the main monitoring station that drains 80% of the 1,200 km^2 basin. Sediment results at this station came within 1% of average loading estimated from data for calibration (with one large storm and snowmelt event removed). Two of the three smaller drainage areas displayed calibrated hydrology NS values above 0.7. Adjustments in parameter values for calibration reflected northeastern conditions related to snowmelt events and fragipan soils. Validation of the hydrology and sediment results was based on an independent data set with no changes in parameter values. These validation results for hydrology showed an NS=0.76 and an 8% difference in average flow volumes. Certain limitations of SWAT are discussed, including the model's approach to snowmelt, sediment erosion, and sediment transport. 
Keywords:Hydrology; Sediment transport; Sediment yield; Simulation models; Agricultural watersheds; Calibration; New York; Water supply