SWAT Literature Database for Peer-Reviewed Journal Articles

Title:Using SWAT and an empirical relationship to simulate crop yields and salinity levels in the North Fork River Basin 
Authors:Mittelstet, A.R., D.E. Storm and A.L. Stoecker 
Journal:International Journal of Agricultural and Biological Engineering 
Volume (Issue):8(1) 
Article ID: 
URL (non-DOI journals): 
Broad Application Category:hydrologic only 
Primary Application Category:model and/or data interface 
Secondary Application Category:crop, forest and/or vegetation growth/yield and/or parameters 
Watershed Description:5,900 km^2 North Fork of the Red River, located in northwest Texas and southwest Oklahoma, U.S. 
Calibration Summary: 
Validation Summary: 
General Comments:This article is part of a set of 11 articles that comprise a SWAT special issue published in IJABE volume 8(3) in June, 2015. 
Abstract:Crop yields and salinity levels in the North Fork of the Red River (North Fork River) basin were analyzed based on the diverse climate in the region. Saline irrigation water is a major problem in the basin, located in southwestern Oklahoma and the Texas Panhandle. The Elm Fork Creek flows through salt mines, making the creek and its receiving stream, the North Fork River, too saline to use for irrigation. This greatly reduces the number of hectares that can be utilized for agricultural crops within the basin. A baseline SWAT model was setup, calibrated and validated to simulate streamflow and wheat and cotton yields. The SWAT model and a regression equation were used to analyze variable weather impacts on crop yields and salinity levels. Using WXGEN and 58 years of observed weather data, ten 50-yr weather datasets were generated. Output from the weather generator was input into the calibrated SWAT model to simulate wheat and dryland and irrigated cotton yields for the ten weather scenarios. Using an empirical relationship between ionic strength and streamflow, salinity levels were estimated. Though the crop yields varied greatly from year to year, the yields were not significantly different over the 50 year simulation period. The electrical conductivity (EC) at the US Geological Survey (USGS) gage station just downstream of the salt mines was significantly different with values ranging from 40 to 65 dSm-1. Though the water in the Elm Fork is much to saline to use for irrigation, the water in the North Fork River may be used as long as the flow rates in the river don't decrease below 0.60 m^3s^-1. In order to optimize the available cropland, a salinity control must be installed upstream of the salt mines on the Elm Fork Creek 
Keywords:Salinity, SWAT, Wheat Modeling, Cotton Modeling, Red River