SWAT Literature Database for Peer-Reviewed Journal Articles

Title:The impact of US biofuel policy on agricultural production and nitrogen loads in Alabama 
Authors:Affuso, E. and L.M. Duzy 
Journal:Economics Research International 
Volume (Issue): 
Article ID:521254 
URL (non-DOI journals): 
Broad Application Category:hydrologic and pollutant 
Primary Application Category:bioenergy crop, tree and/or vegetation assessment 
Secondary Application Category:ENSO phenomena effects 
Watershed Description:20,000.2 km^2 drainage area consisting of four USGS 8-digit watershed located in northern Alabama, southern Tennessee, and southeast Mississippi 
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Abstract:The Energy Independence Security Act aims to increase the production of renewable fuels in order to improve the energy efficiency of the United States of America.This legislation set the biofuel production goal at 136.3 million m3 by 2022, with approximately 79 millionm3 derived from advanced biofuels or renewable fuels other than corn ethanol. A bioeconomic model was used to assess the potential impact of the biofuel mandate in terms of nitrogen loss associated with corn production in northern Alabama considering the El Nino Southern Oscillation phases. From simulations conducted at the watershed level, the expansion in biofuel production would increase the production of corn by 122.89% with associated increase in nitrogen loss of 20%. Furthermore, nitrogen loss would be more severe in climatic transition towards La Nina.