Cost-of-Living Differences in Urban Versus Rural Areas: An Analysis with Expenditure Data
December 1990 [90-SR 49]
McHugh, R. 1990. "Cost-of-Living Differences in Urban Versus Rural Areas: An Analysis with Expenditure Data." Staff report 90-SR 49. Center for Agricultural and Rural Development, Iowa State University.
This study illustrates the usefulness of consumer expenditure data for analyzing urban/rural differences in expenditure patterns.
The primary findings are that when the effects of income, children, home ownership, aging, and college education are held constant, rural households spend a proportionately larger share of income on transportation, health care, and tobacco.
Further breakdown within the category of health care reveals that health insurance, drugs, and medical supplies are responsible for higher expenditure by rural households. Within the transportation category, vehicles, gasoline, and oil are the sources of higher rural expenditure shares.