An Overview of Agricultural Production in Ukraine: Present and Future Perspectives

Tetyana Kalna-Dubinyuk, Yuliya Dubinyuk
May 2024  [24-WP 660]

Download Full Text

Suggested citation:

Kalna-Dubinyuk, T. and Y. Dubinyuk. 2024. "An Overview of Agricultural Production in Ukraine: Present and Future Perspectives." Working paper 24-WP 660. Center for Agricultural and Rural Development, Iowa State University.


Agriculture is one of Ukraine’s main economic sectors, and both the population and government continue to support agricultural production and trade.

Ukraine’s agricultural producers supply most of the food products that the country needs and also supply agricultural products to many countries around the world. The EU, Africa, the Middle East, and Asia are the main export destinations. According to government data, agricultural production and trade supplied over 10% of Ukraine’s GDP in 2023 (Interfax 2024).

Ukraine is located in the eastern part of the European continent. The country is over 230,000 square miles in size. According to government data, over one-third of the country’s land resources are engaged in agricultural production.

Ukraine produces grains, oilseeds, vegetable oils, tree nuts, meat, fish, dairy products, fruits and vegetables, herbs, and other agricultural products. The main crops grown in Ukraine are sunflower seed, wheat, corn, soybeans, rapeseed, barley, and sugar beets. Ukraine also has large pork, poultry, and egg production, as well as livestock and dairy production.

Since the beginning of 2022, when Russia started a full-scale war in Ukraine, agricultural production and trade in the country have changed significantly.